(A) record
see Host (A) record

action log
A detailed history of all actions executed on a system or by a user.

alias
In Internet terminology, usually refers to an email alias. It is a nickname mapped to one or more real email addresses. Aliases are commonly used for email distribution lists and for delivering the same email message to more that one email address at once.

alias (CNAME) record
record that maps one host name to another. The target host does not have to be within a local domain.

allocate
To assign resources for a specific task. This is often used to refer to memory use, disk space, bandwidth, or process cycles.

anonymous FTP
A method by which files can be transferred over the Internet through FTP (File Transfer Protocol) without the use of a password or the creation of a user account.

appliance
collection of related server applications in which all dependent applications are bundled into one optimized package.

autoresponder
A mail utility that automatically sends a standard reply message to an email message.

back up
To copy data files and configuration files from one location to another location or FTP server to preserve usable copies in case of system failure.

CGI
CGI stands for Common Gateway Interface. It is a set of rules describing how a Web server should communicate with another application running on the same computer, and in reverse. Any program can be a CGI program if it can handle input and output according to the CGI standard.

CGI-BIN
The directory on a Web server where CGI scripts are typically stored.

CNAME record
See Alias (CNAME) record.

Command Line Interface
A user interface through which commands can be sent to WEBppliance using a command line rather than the graphical user interface. The Command Line Interface also allows the use of scripts for automating and streamlining many tasks.

console
A terminal used to monitor and control a computer or network.

Custom Log
A log file that contains information from Internet browsers accessing a Web site. Whenever a visitor accesses a Web site, information about the visitor and the nature of the visit is recorded in this log file.

disk quota
The amount of disk space, in megabytes, assigned to a user.

DNS
Stands for Domain Name System. Name resolution software that translates alphabetic domain names into numeric IP addresses. The DNS server maintains a database of domain names and their corresponding IP addresses.

DNS/BIND server
A server using Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND) text database format, a widely used method of configuring DNS servers on the Internet. DNS/BIND servers contain four files: a database file, reverse lookup file, cache file, and boot file.

domain
An Internet address or a subsection of the Internet.

domain name
An alphabetic name that identifies one or more IP addresses.

Error Log
A log file that contains information about errors encountered by visitors accessing a Web site, or information about problems with the Web server.

firewall
A method for keeping a network secure.

forwarding
In Internet terminology, usually refers to email forwarding. It means redirecting (or forwarding) your email messages from one mailbox to another. When you create a Forward on your email account, your email messages can be redirected to another location without the sender knowing the new address.

FTP
Stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is a protocol used to transfer files over the Internet. FTP includes functions to log on to the network, list directories, and copy files. FTP operations can be performed by typing commands in a command line or by using an FTP utility running under a graphical interface. Anonymous FTP allows you to use an FTP site without a password and without creating a user account.

gateway
In networking, a combination of hardware and software that links two different types of networks or applications.

GUI
Graphical User Interface. It is an interface between a user and a computer that is graphics-based and incorporates icons, menus, and a mouse.

home directory
The directory assigned to a system user at login; the directory a user starts out in.

host (A) record.
An IP address for forward mapping (host-name-to-IP-address). The opposite is reverse mapping, using a Pointer (PTR) record.

host name
The name assigned to a computer.

IIS FTP Server
A part of the Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) that manages FTP servers. IIS is available on the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating environment.

IIS Web Server
A part of the Microsoft IIS that manages Web servers. IIS is available on the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating environment, and implements Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 3.0.

IMAP mail server
IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol. It is a common mail server used for Internet email, similar to POP3, but in addition to holding incoming email messages until a user logs in to the email account and downloads the messages, it allows users to archive email messages into folders, share mailboxes with other users, access multiple mail servers at once, and more efficiently access email attachments.

IP
Stands for Internet Protocol. It is the protocol used to format packets and rules of transmission and reception over the Internet.

IP-based domain
A domain with a unique IP address.

IP address
The numeric identifier of a computer or device on the Internet. The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255.

license
An official agreement between a user and a corporation on the use and support of its products.

MX record
MX stands for Mail Exchanger. It is a record that includes information about external mail servers.

MySQL
A widely used relational database management system for SQL (Structured Query Language) databases. A relational database stores data in separate tables rather than in one big table. A database management system allows you to add, access, and process data stored in an SQL database.

name-based domain
A domain with a unique host name but shares an IP address with another server.

name server.
See DNS server.

netmask
A bit-mask that identifies the network number and host number components of an IP address.

network quota
The amount of network resources dedicated to a server.

NS record
NS stands for Name Server. It is a record that specifies the host name of the DNS server managing the subdomains added under a domain.

NTP
Stands for Network Time Protocol. It is a method used to send information over the Internet to synchronize the time of computer clients or servers with that of an accurate server or time source.

NTP server
A computer using NTP to broadcast accurate information about time.

ODBC
Stands for Open Database Connectivity. It is a standard database access method developed by Microsoft Corporation that allows you to access and modify data from any application, regardless of which database management system is handling the data.

OEM
Stands for Original Equipment Manufacturer. A manufacturer that sells equipment to a reseller for rebranding or repackaging. Also, when a reseller adds value to the product before reselling it, private labels the merchandise under its own name, or bundles it with its own products.

POP3
Stands for Post Office Protocol. It is a common mail protocol used for receiving Internet email. It holds the incoming email messages until you log on to the email account and download the messages. All stored email messages and attachments are downloaded at the same time.

primary name server.
The main Domain Name System (DNS) server that translates alphabetic domain names into numeric IP addresses.

PTR record
Stands for Pointer Record. It is a host name for reverse mapping (IP-address-to-host-name). The opposite is forward mapping, using a Host (A) record.

QoS
Stands for Quality of Service. It is the ability to define a level of performance.

queue
A temporary holding place for data.

record
A record contains specific DNS zone information.

restore
To completely or partially return your system to a previous file configuration state by uploading backup files from an archive.

reverse DNS
Name resolution software that looks up an IP address to obtain a domain name. It performs the opposite function of the DNS server, which turns names into IP addresses.

secondary name server
The backup Domain Name System (DNS) server that translates alphabetic domain names into numeric IP addresses.

see Host (A) record
The actual numerical value of a quantity.

server
A computer and other device that allocates and manages the sharing of resources for a network. A server provides information or other services to its clients. While a server usually refers to an entire machine, it can also refer to a particular daemon on that machine.

service plan
A template that defines the default resource assignments and service offerings to be applied when you create a new domain. A template is not required to create a new domain, but it makes creating multiple domains faster and easier.

site reports
Page request statistics about your IIS Web or FTP server.

SMTP
Stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. It is the most widely used email protocol on the Internet.

SNMP
Stands for Simple Network Management Protocol. It is a network management protocol used for configuring and monitoring devices on IP networks.

SOA record
Stands for Start of Authority record. It is a record that indicates where the DNS zone starts, and specifies timing information for zone transfers. Zone transfers send lookup data from the primary name server to the secondary name server.

SSI
Stands for Server Side Includes. It is a type of HTML comment that directs the Web server to dynamically generate data for the Web page whenever it is requested. An SSI includes a special sequence of characters (tokens) on an HTML page. As the page is sent from the HTTP server to the requesting client, the page is scanned by the server for these special tokens. When a token is found, the server interprets the data in the token and performs an action based on the token data.

SSL
Stands for Secure Socket Layer. It is an Internet security protocol that encrypts data when it is transferred over the Internet. Enabling SSL allows you to transfer data securely between your Web server and your visitor's Internet browser.

subnet mask
The method used for splitting IP networks into a series of subgroups. The mask is a binary pattern that is matched up with the IP address to turn part of the host ID address field into a field for subnets.

Telnet
A common terminal emulation protocol that connects computers locally or across the Internet. It allows a user at a local computer to log on to a remote computer and run a program.

URL
Stands for Uniform Resource Locator. It is the address that defines the route to a file on the Web or any other Internet facility. The URL contains the protocol prefix, port number, domain name, subdirectory names, and file name.

vacation message
A mail utility that automatically sends a standard reply message to an email message.

virtual DNS
This WEBppliance option allows you to specify a secondary DNS server on WEBppliance.

zone
A unit of domain name space managed by one DNS server.